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Excluding translucent pieces, how many colours of official LEGO bricks are there?

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Maybe if you quantified 'recently'. There have been some new colors in the past few years, especially with the Friends line. There are also 'old' colors in new shapes, like the pink and purple leaves in the Elves line. – gev May 12 '15 at 8:29
up vote 18 down vote accepted

The official LEGO color chart at Peeron has 179 colors listed. There are 14 listed as "transparent" (or "tr"), so - 165.

The Peeron guide also lists CMYK, RGB, HTML Hex Codes (displayed as the sample), and Pantone numbers for each.

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The latest palette officially released by LEGO in 2010 has 51 colors in use, including 33 regular colors, 14 transparent, and 4 "effect" (silver, gold, metallic, phosphorescent).

Official LEGO palette

Of course, as 81bronco points out, there have been a lot more, but these are the one LEGO was effectively using as of january 2010. In the few years before that, LEGO was busy rationalizing its palette of colors to eliminate seldom used colors as much as posible. Considering the downsize to 51, I don't think they've removed any more since.

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According to the 2010 Company Profile presentation ( there are currently "58 different colours"! – Zhaph - Ben Duguid Oct 28 '11 at 19:10
Weird. I wouldn't be surprised if they couldn't tell for sure themselves, though. And maybe the 7 missing ones are reserved colours (there's no Maersk blue in the chart, for example), or maybe they reintroduced some between the chart and the company profile. – Joubarc Oct 28 '11 at 19:42

This Flickr image from Brick Colorstream shows all the known colours of Lego bricks, charted along a timeline of when they were available. According to that image, there was one new colour in 2015, "Conductive Black".

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Here's an interview with the author of that image: It's a fun read on how the flickr stream and image came to be. – Linus Bohman May 13 '15 at 6:27

According to the LEGO customer service site which allows you to search by color family, there are 9 color families and 23 exact colors:

Color Family Exact Color
Black        BLACK
Blue         BRIGHT BLUE
Blue         EARTH BLUE
Blue         MEDIUM BLUE
Blue         TR. BLUE
Blue         TR. LIGHT BLUE
Green        BRIGHT GREEN
Green        DARK GREEN
Green        TR. FLUORE. GREEN
Green        TR. GREEN
Grey         DARK STONE GREY
Orange-brown BRIGHT ORANGE
Orange-brown DARK ORANGE
Orange-brown REDDISH BROWN
Orange-brown TR. BROWN
Purple       BRIGHT PURPLE
Purple       MEDIUM LILAC
Red          BRIGHT RED
Red          NEW DARK RED
Red          TR. RED
White        WHITE
Yellow       BRICK YELLOW
Yellow       BRIGHT YELLOW
Yellow       SAND YELLOW
Yellow       TR. YELLOW

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Bear in mind however that some shades are considered "rare" or "exclusive" and aren't available through Pick-a-brick. Also, some shades aren't listed - search for Element ID 4505990 and you find a cup with an exact colour of "Warm Gold" – Zhaph - Ben Duguid Oct 25 '11 at 21:10
I've never owned/seen any Purple piece. – Tien Do Oct 26 '11 at 2:37
@Tiendq: The new Alien Conquest set makes very effective use of purple pieces for highlights. – user23 Oct 26 '11 at 14:13

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