From this image, you can count the teeth well enough to determine there are actually 60 teeth, not 40:
This does not appear to be a real part.
It also appears you aren't the first to notice this. Jim Brickkeeper has created a ShapeWays model based on this movie piece which I found while searching for LEGO 60 tooth gears.
According to Matthew Ashton this piece was planned for use in the set, but due to budget changes had to be cut, and has not yet been produced.
For each project we are assigned a certain budget and a certain number of moulds we can create for new pieces. It was our intention with the Movie to make all Characters and Vehicles toys 100%, movie accurate. However in this case the directors really wanted the back wheel to be bigger, so we designed the piece for them, but then later had to make a compromise on one of the models as we didn't have the budget for all the tooling. Lord Business's design had become more complicated and required more moulds than orginally planned.we had to get him 100% correct, so we decided to alter the Super Cycle as we felt it would be less noticeable, at that point we weren't aware that it's part No. would be called out