I've seen a number of techniques for laying individual elements at 45° angles, but I need a consistent method for laying down larger plates at 45 degrees while maintaining close contact with the base plate layer below it.

What techniques are available to achieve this?

  • brickfanatics.co.uk/pythagorean-theorem-in-lego
    – Courtny
    Commented Mar 14, 2014 at 20:02
  • 1
    I've un-deleted this question because I believe others may benefit or wish to add to this question. If you have discovered a solution, feel free to add it as an answer to this question.
    – Ambo100
    Commented Mar 14, 2014 at 21:39
  • I did come up with some solutions, but trying to come up with mathematically ways of scaling it to larger baseplates is where I am getting stuck.
    – Courtny
    Commented Mar 16, 2014 at 16:37
  • All the techniques described above have one fault or another so have you tried to just get rid of the base altogether? I did that a couple of times when I needed to make angular walls and it works seamlessly provided you use some pieces from other brands because Lego doesn't make them.
    – Algern On
    Commented Jan 12, 2021 at 14:51

7 Answers 7


45° angles are tricky because of the dimensions of 45-45-90 triangles:

45-45-90 triangle

The fact that the hypotenuse needs to be a multiple of radical two makes it difficult to build out of LEGO plates which are generally limited to integers or halves. The best you can do in a reasonably small amount of space is a 5 x 5 x 7.07 triangle, but that doesn't come close enough to work well.

I'm not aware of a way to do this using just plates, but if you are willing to use other bricks as well, there are some ways. For example, some older bricks and most transparent bricks don't include tubes within the bricks. This allows constructions that are not limited by whole numbers:

continue offset example using transparent bricks

Edit: There is now a specialized 45° angle plate (15706) that can be used for this purpose:



Hinges can work, I have used this technique before, if you sandwich the hinges between two plates you get 45 degree 'bricks' that are quite solid.

In most cases, tiles and plates in the right place will keep sufficient contact with the base plate to have a stable model. hinges diagram


It appears that some LEGO pieces are designed with the proportions of 45-degree right triangles in mind. For example, the 3x3 plate with one corner removed has a diagonal edge that is very close to three studs long, as can be seen in this construction:

enter image description here

Likewise, the 8x8 corner plate has a diagonal edge that is very close to 10 studs long:

enter image description here


This is in old question but I think many people find this helpful. I accidentally found this Lego technique where you put a 4x4 round plate between four 1x1 round plates. You can see in the picture how to do it exactly. I think it is an "illegal" Lego technique. If you look closely you can notice that the distance between each 1x1 plate is a tiny bit more than four studs. And the cutouts on the side of the 4x4 round plate are designed for the normal four studs apart in my opinion.

The turntable is just there so it doesn't come apart, but the 4x4 plate is fully locked by the four 1x1 plates themselves. It may look like it doesn't work but just try it out. enter image description here


If near enough is good enough you could build based on a 3:4:5 right angled triangle: i.e. put "dots" on the base plate 3 up and 4 across from each other which would then connect to the circles underneath a baseplate 5 holes apart.

The angle would then be ~37 degrees or ~53 degrees between the two structures.


Possibly I’m the same Woody that previously answered this question. If so, I didn’t describe it well 5 years ago.

This is a cut down version of the 7/7/10 triangle which is slightly better than the 5/5/7 triangle.

45 degree 3.5/3.5/5

  • Distance between two round plates is very close to allow 6 stud plate here, but unfortunately it is slightly shorter.
    – Alex
    Commented Apr 20, 2020 at 14:51

Placing dots (1x1 round plates) on the bottom of one plate with 5 spaces in between will line up perfectly on a lower plate 4.5 down and 4.5 across (one dot fitting between studs on lower plate)

  • 1
    Can you include some pictures to show what you're talking about here?
    – chicks
    Commented Feb 23, 2019 at 16:09

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